One possible solution is the use of desalinization technology. This system is described as filtering salty water through membranes and removing the salt through electro dialysis and reverse osmosis. This procedure has worked for about many countries. With this system, these nations are currently producing six billion gallons of usable water a day. Recently, however, the desalinization process has become much more practical for metropolitan areas and reverse-osmosis systems have made significant improvements.
Despite these improvements, only 2.3% of wastewater that is generated by municipalities is currently being recycled and reused. If water were saved by utilizing reclaimed water for irrigation in. Globally implementing simple recycling and filtration systems would be a relatively easy task that would reap outstanding benefits. Making these global advancements would be a monetarily and environmentally friendly step in the right direction towards the reduction of global water scarcity.
The task of conserving water can also be conquered on a smaller scale, beginning with small improvements in individual homes. One solution is to develop and mandate more efficient household water heaters. In old homes with poor insulation, the time needed to heat up the water from a faucet or showerhead can often is extensive. With heated pipes and better insulation throughout the system, this wasted water would no longer be an issue as hot water would immediately pour from the faucet. If this improvement was mandated by the government and supported financially where necessary, the benefits would be sizeable. In addition to conservation of water, heating costs would also be lower. In particularly old homes, heating costs for the entire house can be extremely high, especially in the winter. If this idea can be advertised to homeowners as environmentally friendly as well as cost-effective, it should have a very high support rate. Although this is only a minute progression towards improving the issue of water scarcity, every achievable method towards preventing this from becoming a large-scale problem is worthwhile.
Plainly, more than one solution is necessary in order to reduce or solve the issue of water scarcity that the world faces today. Any action, whether it may be improving insulation of water heating systems within the home, or composing multinational treaties, is important and must be taken into consideration. Our world currently faces a dilemma regarding a limited water supply and if the issue continues to progress without significant alterations, the consequences will be detrimental. Conclusion Water scarcity is a problem of the future. There are many concerns in the world today, and water scarcity is currently in the backseat. Our world can only address so many problems at a time, and we tend to put them off until the need to find a solution becomes dire. All the research and projections we have found show that this will indeed be a dire situation in as early as 20 years from now. Children are already dying in large numbers in poverty-stricken regions due to preventable waterborne illness, and the destruction of natural ecosystems is greatly reducing fresh water biodiversity.